politics, history and the war on terror
Thursday, June 10, 2004
Resolute 

The United Nations Security Council has unanimously passed Resolution 1546. The full text of the resolution can be viewed by selecting Security Council resolution 1546 (2004) from the list (the file is in PDF format). Here are the major points:

- Grants full sovereignty to Iraq's Interim Government (Paragraph 1).
- Dissolves the Coalition Provisional Authority on June 31, 2004 (Paragraph 2).
- Approves election time table (Paragraph 4.c). December 31, 2004 is the date for the election of the Transitional National Assembly, which will form the Transitional Government and create the constitution. December 31, 2005 is the deadline for the election of the constitutional government.
- The U.N. special representativie will assist the interim government with reconstruction, humanitarian assistance and election efforts.
- Iraq to establish security forces and work with the coalition for assistance (Paragraphs 8 - 17). Of particular interest:
"the multinational force in Iraq is at the request of the incoming Interim Government of Iraq" (Paragraph 9)
"The multinational force shall have the authority to take all necessary measures to contribute to the maintenance of security and stability in Iraq" (Paragraph 10)
- Requests U.N. members assist with Iraq's security needs, including providing troops (Paragraphs 15 & 16).
- Denounces terrorism (Paragraph 17).
- Requests U.N. members assist with debt relief (Paragraph 28).

This resolution should be viewed as a major diplomatic victory for Iraq, Great Britain and the United States. This is the international approval for the security situation, reconstruction, debt relief and interim government that and reconstruction of Iraq that Great Britain and the United States were looking for. Iraq's interim government receives the international legitimacy to work with world nations and the approval of much needed assistance. Nations that require U.N. approval for domestic reasons now have the mandate they need to cooperate. Already the resolution has had a positive influence: Japan has indicated it will deploy more troops in Iraq.

World reaction overall has been positive; Pakistan and China particularly appear to be pleased. Both France and Spain appeared to have reservations about the resolution, but voted in favor anyway.
In Madrid, Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Moratinos told a news conference "Spain will vote in favor in a spirit of cooperation."

French Foreign Minister Michel Barnier told France-Inter radio that France, which has the power of veto on the U.N. Security Council and staunchly opposed the war in Iraq, was still not fully satisfied with the resolution, but would vote for it.

If France and Spain disliked the resolution, it really must be good.


Update:

The Kurds are not happy and threatened to not participate in the interim government. However it appears a short term compromise was reached. The Iraqis appear to be learning about democracy and compromise in a short amount of time.

Posted by bill roggio @ 12:19 AM

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